Oak Stair Parts

European Oak

Quercus robur

Oak Stair Parts


General description

Oak has characteristic silver grain figures due to broad rays. The heartwood is extremely durable and is light tan in colour. Its surface takes waxing, liming and polishing very well. Oak's acidic nature has a detrimental effect on ferrous metal.


Oak is a robust traditional material used for stair parts production and like many other timbers varies in grain and colour from piece to piece.


Over a period of time, depending upon the intensity of the exposure to daylight, the colour of Oak stair parts will mellow i.e. become darker, this often happens in an erratic manner causing some pieces to appear lighter than others. This effect is natural and is not a result of the manufacturing process. Problems can arise if an object is left on the wood's surface for an extended period of time, as this will inhibit the colour change of the timber below it and may result in a patch of lighter wood that will take longer to mellow. The mellowing of Oak occurs rapidly for the first 2 years and then appears to slow until it eventually reaches full "maturity".


Characteristics of wood


Oak stair parts may change shape due to variations in humidity and temperature causing the wood to swell or shrink, resulting in unevenness and minor cracking.


Knots are completely natural and are not considered to be a defect.


Sapwood (which is the part of the tree which transports nutrients) appears as light streaks or areas. It is completely natural in oak and is not considered to be a defect.


Oak Stair Parts

General care


Regardless of whether the Oak stair part is oiled, soap treated or lacquered, it can become scratched if treated carelessly and care must be taken with grime, grease and liquids.


Your Oak stair parts will benefit from a limited amount of maintenance to keep them in prime condition.


Avoid prolonged exposure to direct sunlight or heat sources.


Oak stair parts should be treated with wax polish immediately upon receipt and repeat applications applied every three months to protect and nourish the wood.


DO NOT Use household cleaning products, solvents or cleaners intended for materials other than wood, as they are liable to damage the finish. ONLY USE SPECIAL TIMBER WAX AND OIL FOR OAK.


Removing everyday dirt


Using very fine wire wool, NOT SANDPAPER UNLESS THE STAIR PART IS ALREADY VARNISHED - lightly rub the stair part in the direction of the grain of the timber. This will remove any grime and debris that may have built up on the surface.


Treating accidental stains


Any spills, hot or cold, should be wiped up immediately with a damp cloth, using a blotting rather than a wiping action. DO NOT apply excessive pressure to the stained area.


Treating dents, scratches and marks


Oak stair parts which have been scratched, marked or indented can in some cases be repaired by placing a cloth soaked in hot water on the damaged area until the wood fibres rise up. This remedy can also be achieved by placing the tip of a hot iron on a damp cotton cloth and pressing over the area. Allow the area dry and then sand with very fine-grained sandpaper. Veneered or lacquered stair parts cannot be repaired in this manner.

French Polishing

Please contact us for French Polishing services.